VSTRING

SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | REFERENCE | BASE char* AND VString FUNCTIONS NOTES | VSTRLIB EXTRA | FEEDBACK | DOWNLOADS | AUTHOR | LICENSE

SYNOPSIS

VSTRING is C/C++ string manipulation and handling library.

#include "vstring.h"
#include "vstrlib.h"
VString str = "Hello";
str += " World";    // str is `Hello World' now
str_reverse( str ); // str is `dlroW olleH' now
str_low( str );     // lower case
VArray va = str_split( " +", str ); // array has `dlroW', `olleH'
                                    // " +" is Regexp
str_reverse( va[0] );
str_reverse( va[1] );
str = str_join( va, " " );  // str is back to "Hello World"

VTrie tr = va;

// tr[ "Hello" ] contains "World"

DESCRIPTION

VSTRING provides dynamic strings and char* compatibility and also Perl-like arrays, hashes and regexp objects.

The dynamic string object can be freely exchanged with standard char* type, so there is no need to change function calls nor the implementation when you change from char* to String (and vice versa). The main difference from other similar libs is that the dynamic string class has no visible methods (except operators) so you will use it as a plain char* but it will expand/shrink as needed.

All classes (VString, VArray, Vtrie) implementation provide shallow copy and copy-on-write functionality so assignment operators like:

str1 = str2
varr1 = varr2
vtrie1 = vtri2

are cheap and fast!

REFERENCE

vstring.h and vstrlib.h files can be used as reference. This file contains brief introduction and some notes but for further API documentation check the .h files.

BASE char* AND VString FUNCTIONS NOTES

All functions for char* handling may overflow! If you need safe strings, use the same functions but with VString instead of char*.

Few functions common for char* and VString:

str_set( str, "hello" );
str_mul( str, 4 );
str_replace( str, "o", " " );
str_left( dest_str, str, 4 );
str_up( dest_str );
In the examples above, str, dest_str and source_str may be either char* or VString.

VSTRLIB EXTRA

VSTRING (VSTRLIB) also provides Perl-like arrays and hashes (VArray and VTrie). There is and VRegexp class which automates regexp pattern matching.

VString CLASS NOTES

VString str = "hello";
str += " world";
if( str == "hello world") { ... }
int len = str_len( str );
str[3] = 'z'; // safe! even outside string boundaries

VArray CLASS NOTES

VArray va;

// append array elements
va.push( "element 1" );
va.push( str ); // i.e. VString
va.push( other_varray ); 
va.push( trie ); // see VTrie below
// take out the last element
VString str = va.pop()

// push elements at the beginning 
va.unshift( "element 1" );
va.unshift( str ); // i.e. VString
va.unshift( other_varray ); 
va.unshift( trie ); // see VTrie below

// take out the first element
VString str = va.shift();
va.reverse(); // reverse elements order
va.undef(); // remove all elements

VTrie CLASS NOTES

VTrie tr;

tr[ "hello"  ] = "world";
tr[ "number" ] = "12345";

VArray va = tr; // array is: hello world number 12345
                // however only key+value order is preserved!
tr.reverse(); // reverse keys <-> values
                
tr.undef(); // remove all keys

VRegexp CLASS NOTES

VRegexp re( "a([0-9]+)" ); // compiling new regexp
if( re.m( "tralala85." ) ) // match against compiled regexp
  res1 = re[1]; // re[1] returns `85'
if( re.m( "tralala85.", "(la)+" ) ) // match against new regexp pattern
  {
  str_all_matched   = re[0]; // `lala'
  str_first_capture = re[1]; // `la'
  }
  
re.comp( "^[a-z]+[0-9]*" ); // reuse/recompile new regexp in the same obj
re.study(); // takes extra time to speed multiple matchings with m()

FEEDBACK

If you find bug or have comment on library API, code or documentation text, please, contact me.

DOWNLOADS

AUTHORS 114 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
COPYING 17`976 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
README 4`452 bytes
Jul 30, 2021
string theory by casperium d8die1 credits.jpg 179`071 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
string theory by casperium d8die1 credits.txt 259 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
vstring-20001119.tar.gz 30`826 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
vstring-20020524.tar.gz 29`760 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
vstring-20030220.tar.gz 124`188 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
vstring-20210330-git-snapshot.tar.gz 425`817 bytes
Jul 21, 2021
vstring-20210330.tar.gz 425`817 bytes
Jul 21, 2021

AUTHOR

1996-2021 (c) Vladi Belperchinov-Shabanski "Cade" 
<cade@noxrun.com> <cade@bis.bg> <cade@cpan.org>
http://cade.noxrun.com/projects/vstring/
https://github.com/cade-vs/vstring

LICENSE

Distributed under the GPLv2 license, see COPYING file for the full text.
Splash image is "String Theory" by Casperium
  https://www.deviantart.com/casperium/art/String-Theory-14067289
Used with permission.